Astronomy as the Leader of Interdisciplinary and Multidisciplinary Sciences

The 9th Byurakan International Summer School (9BISS) for Young Astronomers will take place on 09-13 September 2024. This will be the 9th school of the series of Byurakan International Summer Schools (BISS) founded in 2006 and being held once every 2 years, one of the most important and regular astronomical summer/winter schools in the world. According to the analysis of the IAU Division C (Education, Outreach and Heritage), BISS is among the top-3 astronomical schools in the world (together with IAU International School for Young Astronomers (ISYA) and Vatican schools, VOSS), as well as the NEON/OPTICON schools are among the best ones.

This time BISS is entitled “Astronomy as the leader of Interdisciplinary and Multidisciplinary Sciences”. During the school the students will have lectures and practical tutorial sessions on Observational Astronomy, Data Reduction and Analysis, Astronomical Surveys, Catalogues, Archives and Databases, Theoretical Astrophysics, Astrochemistry and Astrobiology, Virtual Observatories and Astroinformatics, Space Astronomy, Exoplanets and Planetary Science, Interdisciplinary and Multidisciplinary Sciences.

Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory (BAO) is one of the main observational centers of the former Soviet Union and is an important observatory with modern facilities in the region. It was founded in 1946 by the outstanding Armenian scientists V. A. Ambartsumian (1908-1996) and is well known for its large spectroscopic surveys: First and Second Byurakan Surveys (FBS and SBS), undertaken by B. E. Markarian (1913-1985) and colleagues. BAO hosts a number of medium-size optical telescopes, the most important being the 2.6m classical telescope and 1m Schmidt telescope. BAO holds the Digitized First Byurakan Survey (DFBS, or the Digitized Markarian survey), containing ~40,000,000 low-dispersion spectra of ~20,000,000 objects, which has been included in UNESCO “Memory of the World” documentary heritage list and which is the basis of the Armenian Virtual Observatory (ArVO), a member of the International Virtual Observatory Alliance (IVOA). BAO and Armenia host the IAU South West and Central Asian Regional Office of Astronomy for Development (SWCA ROAD) and support the development of astronomy in Armenia, Georgia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Turkey.

BAO is known for important meetings and summer schools. 7 IAU Symposia and Colloquia have been organized here (1966, 1986, 1989, 1998, 2001, 2013, 2023). The European Annual Meeting JENAM was organized by BAO in Yerevan in 2007. The first international meeting on Communication with Extraterrestrial Intelligence (CETI) was organized in Byurakan in 1971. We have organized a UNESCO Regional Conference “Astronomical Heritage of the Middle East” in 2017. BAO-ESO Summer School was organized in 1987. Along with the BISS series, BAO and SWCA ROAD also organize a series of Regional Astronomical Summer Schools (RASS). Many other meetings and schools have been organized as well.

MSc and PhD students in astronomy and young astronomers are eligible for 9BISS, as well as some BSc students at their later stages may apply. English is the working language of the school, so excellent knowledge of English is required. Along with the lectures and tutorials, Students’ Presentations Session will be available. On the following week of the School, the IAU SWCA 4th Regional Astronomical Workshop (4RAW) will take place so that the 9BISS participants may also apply to take part in this event.