Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory(BAO) was founded in
1946 on the initiative
of academician Victor Ambartsumian, who became the first
director of the observatory. It is located on the picturesque
southern slope of the mountain Aragatz. At the observatory five
observational instruments are installed the larger ones being 2.6 m
Cassegrain telescope and 1m Schmidt telescope. Scientific researches
of the observatory are related mainly with the instability phenomena
taking place in the Universe. Since 1946 numerous scientific
meetings were held in Byurakan including four symposia and a
colloquium of the IAU.
The architectural ensemble of the
observatory which consists of two - the functional part containing
the telescope towers, administrative and laboratory buildings,
conference hall, guest house, etc and the campus is designed by the
famous Armenian architect Samvel Safarian.
Besides the scientific research the
observatory fulfils an informative activity as well organizing
excursions and lectures for amateurs.
Since 1998 the Byurakan Observatory bears
the name of V.A. Ambartsumian.